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Les verbes irréguliers

Tableau récapitulatif des verbes irréguliers

Base verbale

Prétérit

Participe passé

 

arise

arose

arisen

se lever

awake

awoke

awaken

se réveiller

be

was / were

been

être

bear

bore

borne

(sup)porter

beat

beat

beaten

battre

become

became

become

devenir

begin

began

begun

commencer

bend

bent

bent

(se) courber

bet

bet

bet

parier

bind

bound

bound

lier

bite

bit

bitten

mordre

bleed

bled

bled

saigner

blow

blew

blown

souffler

break

broke

broken

casser

breed

bred

bred

élever

bring

brought

brought

apporter

build

built

built

construire

burn*

burnt

burnt

brûler

burst

burst

burst

éclater

buy

bought

bought

acheter

cast

cast

cast

jeter, lancer

catch

caught

caught

attraper

choose

chose

chosen

choisir

cling

clung

clung

s'accrocher

come

came

come

venir

cost

cost

cost

coûter

creep

crept

crept

ramper

cut

cut

cut

couper

deal

dealt

dealt

traiter, distribuer

dig

dug

dug

creuser

do

did

done

faire

draw

drew

drawn

dessiner, tirer

dream*

dreamt

dreamt

rêver

drink

drank

drunk

boire

drive

drove

driven

conduire

dwell

dwelt

dwelt

habiter

eat

ate

eaten

manger

fall

fell

fallen

tomber

feed

fed

fed

nourrir

feel

felt

felt

(res)sentir

fight

fought

fought

se battre

find

found

found

trouver

flee

fled

fled

(s'en) fuir

fly

flew

flown

voler

forbid

forbade

forbidden

interdire

forget

forgot

forgotten

oublier

forgive

forgave

forgiven

pardonner

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

prévoir

forsake

forsook

forsaken

abandonner

freeze

froze

frozen

geler

get

got

got/gotten

obtenir

give

gave

given

donner

go

went

gone

aller

grind

ground

ground

moudre

grow

grew

grown

pousser

hang

hung hanged

hung hanged

suspendre pendre

have

had

had

avoir

hear

heard

heard

entendre

hide

hid

hidden

(se) cacher

hit

hit

hit

frapper

hold

held

held

tenir

hurt

hurt

hurt

blesser

keep

kept

kept

garder

kneel

knelt

knelt

s'agenouiller

know

knew

known

connaître

lay

laid

laid

poser

lead

led

led

mener

lean*

leant

leant

s'appuyer

leap*

leapt

leapt

sauter

learn*

learnt

learnt

apprendre

leave

left

left

laisser,quitter

lend

lent

lent

prêter

let

let

let

permettre,laisser

lie

lay

lain

être couché

light

lit

lit

allumer

lose

lost

lost

perdre

make

made

made

faire

mean

meant

meant

signifier

meet

met

met

rencontrer

mow

mowed

mown

tondre

overcome

overcame

overcome

vaincre

pay

paid

paid

payer

put

put

put

mettre

quit

quit

quit

quitter

read [i:]

read [e]

read [e]

lire

ride

rode

ridden

aller à cheval,vélo

ring

rang

rung

sonner

rise

rose

risen

se lever

run

ran

run

courir

saw*

sawed

sawn

scier

say

said

said

parler

see

saw

seen

voir

seek

sought

sought

chercher

sell

sold

sold

vendre

send

sent

sent

envoyer

set

set

set

poser, situer

sew

sewed

sewn

coudre

shake

shook

shaken

secouer

shine

shone

shone

briller

shoot

shot

shot

tirer (fusil)

show*

showed

shown

montrer

shrink

shrank

shrunk

rétrécir

shut

shut

shut

fermer

sing

sang

sung

chanter

sink

sank

sunk

couler

sit

sat

sat

être assis

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

slide

slid

slid

glisser

smell*

smelt

smelt

sentir

sow*

sowed

sown

semer

speak

spoke

spoken

parler

speed

sped

sped

aller vite

spell*

spelt

spelt

épeler

spend

spent

spent

passer, dépenser

spill

spilt

spilt

renverser

spit

spat

spat

cracher

split

split

split

fendre, séparer

spoil*

spoilt

spoilt

gâter

spread

spread

spread

étaler

spring

sprang

sprung

bondir

stand

stood

stood

être debout

stick

stuck

stuck

coller

strike

struck

struck

frapper

strive

strove

striven

s'efforcer

swear

swore

sworn

jurer

sweep

swept

swept

balayer

swell*

swelled

swollen

enfler

swim

swam

swum

nager

swing

swung

swung

(se) balancer

take

took

taken

prendre

teach

taught

taught

enseigner

tear

tore

torn

déchirer

tell

told

told

dire

think

thought

thought

penser

throw

threw

thrown

lancer

thrust

thrust

thrust

pousser

understand

understood

understood

comprendre

upset

upset

upset

bouleverser

wake

woke

woken

(se) réveiller

wear

wore

worn

porter

weep

wept

wept

pleurer

win

won

won

gagner

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

retirer

write

wrote

written

écrire

* On rencontre parfois ces verbes sous une forme régulière