Educastream, leader du soutien scolaire, a établi une solution d’immersion linguistique selectionnée par l’Education Nationale. Cet article répertorie les verbes irréguliers. Quelques règles d'othographe sont aussi expliquées dans cette même section.

Les verbes irréguliers

 


La grammaire anglaise niveau B1  (intermédiaire)


Tableau récapitulatif des verbes irréguliers

 

Base verbale

Prétérit

Participe passé

 
arise arose arisen

se lever

awake awoke awaken

se réveiller

be was / were been

être

bear bore borne

(sup)porter

beat beat beaten

battre

become became become

devenir

begin began begun

commencer

bend bent bent

(se) courber

bet bet bet

parier

bind bound bound

lier

bite bit bitten

mordre

bleed bled bled

saigner

blow blew blown

souffler

break broke broken

casser

breed bred bred

élever

bring brought brought

apporter

build built built

construire

burn* burnt burnt

brûler

burst burst burst

éclater

buy bought bought

acheter

cast cast cast

jeter, lancer

catch caught caught

attraper

choose chose chosen

choisir

cling clung clung

s'accrocher

come came come

venir

cost cost cost

coûter

creep crept crept

ramper

cut cut cut

couper

deal dealt dealt

traiter, distribuer

dig dug dug

creuser

do did done

faire

draw drew drawn

dessiner, tirer

dream* dreamt dreamt

rêver

drink drank drunk

boire

drive drove driven

conduire

dwell dwelt dwelt

habiter

eat ate eaten

manger

fall fell fallen

tomber

feed fed fed

nourrir

feel felt felt

(res)sentir

fight fought fought

se battre

find found found

trouver

flee fled fled

(s'en) fuir

fly flew flown

voler

forbid forbade forbidden

interdire

forget forgot forgotten

oublier

forgive forgave forgiven

pardonner

foresee foresaw foreseen

prévoir

forsake forsook forsaken

abandonner

freeze froze frozen

geler

get got got/gotten

obtenir

give gave given

donner

go went gone

aller

grind ground ground

moudre

grow grew grown

pousser

hang hung hanged hung hanged

suspendre pendre

have had had

avoir

hear heard heard

entendre

hide hid hidden

(se) cacher

hit hit hit

frapper

hold held held

tenir

hurt hurt hurt

blesser

keep kept kept

garder

kneel knelt knelt

s'agenouiller

know knew known

connaître

lay laid laid

poser

lead led led

mener

lean* leant leant

s'appuyer

leap* leapt leapt

sauter

learn* learnt learnt

apprendre

leave left left

laisser,quitter

lend lent lent

prêter

let let let

permettre,laisser

lie lay lain

être couché

light lit lit

allumer

lose lost lost

perdre

make made made

faire

mean meant meant

signifier

meet met met

rencontrer

mow mowed mown

tondre

overcome overcame overcome

vaincre

pay paid paid

payer

put put put

mettre

quit quit quit

quitter

read [i:] read [e] read [e]

lire

ride rode ridden

aller à cheval,vélo

ring rang rung

sonner

rise rose risen

se lever

run ran run

courir

saw* sawed sawn

scier

say said said

parler

see saw seen

voir

seek sought sought

chercher

sell sold sold

vendre

send sent sent

envoyer

set set set

poser, situer

sew sewed sewn

coudre

shake shook shaken

secouer

shine shone shone

briller

shoot shot shot

tirer (fusil)

show* showed shown

montrer

shrink shrank shrunk

rétrécir

shut shut shut

fermer

sing sang sung

chanter

sink sank sunk

couler

sit sat sat

être assis

sleep slept slept

dormir

slide slid slid

glisser

smell* smelt smelt

sentir

sow* sowed sown

semer

speak spoke spoken

parler

speed sped sped

aller vite

spell* spelt spelt

épeler

spend spent spent

passer, dépenser

spill spilt spilt

renverser

spit spat spat

cracher

split split split

fendre, séparer

spoil* spoilt spoilt

gâter

spread spread spread

étaler

spring sprang sprung

bondir

stand stood stood

être debout

stick stuck stuck

coller

strike struck struck

frapper

strive strove striven

s'efforcer

swear swore sworn

jurer

sweep swept swept

balayer

swell* swelled swollen

enfler

swim swam swum

nager

swing swung swung

(se) balancer

take took taken

prendre

teach taught taught

enseigner

tear tore torn

déchirer

tell told told

dire

think thought thought

penser

throw threw thrown

lancer

thrust thrust thrust

pousser

understand understood understood

comprendre

upset upset upset

bouleverser

wake woke woken

(se) réveiller

wear wore worn

porter

weep wept wept

pleurer

win won won

gagner

withdraw withdrew withdrawn

retirer

write wrote written

écrire

 

 

* On rencontre parfois ces verbes sous une forme régulière

 

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