Educastream révolutionne l'apprentissage de l'anglais en instituant un service de cours en ligne. Cette fiche-ci explicite l'emploi de Do et est de niveau B1 (intermédiaire), ainsi que la fiche sur les auxiliaires modaux.

Educastream révolutionne l'apprentissage de l'anglais en instituant un service de cours en ligne. Cette fiche-ci explicite l'emploi de Do et est de niveau B1 (intermédiaire), ainsi que la fiche sur les auxiliaires modaux.

Do / did / doing / done



La grammaire anglaise niveau B1  (intermédiaire)





    I. Le verbe do est l'équivalent du verbe français "faire"




Il est suivi d'un COD :

    - I do my homework every night. (= Je fais mes devoirs tous les soirs).

Sa forme passée, did, correspond aux différentes formes passées du verbe "faire" :

    - I did my homework last night. (= J'ai fait mes devoirs hier soir).

         • Il se combine, au présent et au passé avec la forme be+ing1 :

    - I'm busy. I'm doing my homework. (= Je suis occupé. Je fais / je suis en train de faire
mes devoirs).
    - I was doing my homework when Dad entered my room. (= Je faisais mes devoirs quand Papa est entré dans ma chambre).



II. L'auxiliaire do n'a que deux formes : do et did



• Les formes doing (participe présent) et done (participe passé) ne peuvent qu'être celles du verbe do = faire.
• Elles n'apparaissent qu'aux temps grammaticaux suivants :
   - done : au present perfect1 et pluperfect1 :
             
              - Have you done your homework yet? (= As-tu (enfin) fait tes devoirs ?)
              - He hadn't done his homework in time. (= Il n'avait pas fait ses devoirs en temps et en heure).

   - doing : au présent et passé en be+ing ( voir la fiche A2 → be+ing ou la forme progressive).
               au present perfect1 (revoir le present perfect) et pluperfect (revoir le plueperfect) en be+ing1 :

               - I have been doing this for many years. (= Je fais cela depuis des années / Ça fait / Il y a des années que je fais cela).
               - She had no longer been doing this for many years. (= Cela faisait / il y avait des années qu'elle ne faisait plus cela).



III. Conjugaison du verbe do (souligné dans ce tableau) au present perfect



personnesForme +Forme ?2Forme –2
1 sgI have done my homework.Have I done my homework?I haven't done my homework.
2 sgYou have done your homework.Have you done your homework?You haven't done your homework.
3m sgHe has done is homework.Has he done his homework?He hasn't done his homework.
3f sgShe has done her homework.Has she done her homework?She hasn't done her homework.
3n sgThe robot has done the housework.Has it done the housework?It hasn't done the housework.
1 plWe have done our homework.Have we done our homework?We haven't done our homework.
2 pl You have done your homework.Have you done your homework?You haven't done your homework.
3 plThey have done their homework.Have they done their homework?They haven't done their homework.

Les auxiliaires dans ce tableau figurent en gras.



IV. Conjugaison du verbe do (souligné dans ce tableau) au present perfect en be+ing



personnesForme +Forme ?2Forme –2
1 sgI have been doing3 my homework.Have I been doing my homework?I have not been doing my homework.
2 sgYou have been doing your homework.Haveyou been doing your homework?You haven't been doing your homework.
3m sgHe has been doing his homework.Has he been doing his homework.He hasn't been doing his homework.
3f sgShe has been doing her homework.Has she been doing her homework?She hasn't been doing her homework.
3n sgThe robot has been doing the housework.Has it been doing the housework?It hasn't been doing the housework.
1 plWe have been doing our homework.Have we been doing our homework?We haven't been doing our homework.
2 pl You have been doing your homework.Have you been doing your homework?You haven't been doing your homework.
3 plThey have been doing their homework.Have they been doing their homework?They haven't been doing their homework.

Les auxiliaires dans ce tableau figurent en gras.


V. Conjugaison du verbe do (souligné dans ce tableau) au pluperfect



personnesForme +Forme ?2Forme –2
1 sgI had done my homework.Had I done my homework?I hadn't done my homework.
2 sgYou had done your homework.Had you done your homework?You hadn't done your homework.
3m sgHe had done his homework.Had he done his homework?He hadn't done his homework.
3f sgShe had done her homework.Had she done her homework?She hadn't done her homework.
3n sgThe robot had done the housework.Had it done the housework?It hadn't done the housework.
1 plWe had done our homework.Had we done our homework?We hadn't done our homework.
2 pl You had done your homework.Had you done your homework?You hadn't done your homework.
3 plThey had done their homework.Had they done their homework?They hadn't done their homework.

 

VI. Conjugaison du verbe do (souligné dans ce tableau) au pluperfect en be+ing



personnesForme +Forme ?2Forme –2
1 sgI had been doing my homework.Had I been doing my homework?I hadn't been doing my homework.
2 sgYou had been doing your homework.Had you been doing your homework?You hadn't been doing your homework.
3m sgHe had been doing his homework.Had he been doing his homework.He hadn't been doing his homework.
3f sgShe had been doing her homework.Had she been doing her homework?She hadn't been doing her homework.
3n sgThe robot had been doing the housework.Had it been doing the housework?It hadn't been doing the housework.
1 plWe had been doing our homework.Had we been doing our homework?We hadn't been doing our homework.
2 pl You had been doing your homework.Had you been doing your homework?You hadn't been doing your homework.
3 plThey had been doing their homework.Had they been doing their homework?They hadn't been doing their homework.


Les auxiliaires dans ce tableau figurent en orange.


VII. Les auxiliaires do/did et la forme dite emphatique


• Ces auxiliaires n'apparaissent pas exclusivement aux formes interrogative et négative.

• Ils sont utilisés à la forme affirmative pour permettre au locuteur d'insister, de confirmer ou de reconnaître qu'une action est bel et bien faite ou qu'elle l'a été :


             Exemples          


- Are you sure he really plays the piano? (= Tu es sure qu'il joue du piano ?).
- Oh, yes. He does play the piano. He even plays very well indeed. (= Oh que
oui ! Il joue même très bien).
- Are you sure you turned off the gas? (= Tu es sûr que tu as fermé le gaz ?).
- Yes, I did turn it off. I checked before we left. (= Oui, je l'ai bien fermé. J'ai vérifié avant de partir).


Exercices : do / did / doing / done